Substitute subordinate clauses by the gerundial (or half-gerundial) complex using prepositions if necessary.
- we were informed in the ship having arrived at the port.
Tom said, “Jerry has been my best friend since our early childhood.” a. My parents don’t mind buying me a new mobile phone for my birthday. Greg hates speaking about his plans for the future. There is no chance that they will call on us tonight. There is no hope that you will receive a letter from him soon. We were informed that the ship had arrived at the port. There is no fear that the students will forget the date of the exam.