All security officers are also required to go through additional training mandated by the state for the carrying of weapons such as batons, firearms, and pepper spray (e.g.
Random patrols are easily programmed into electronic systems, allowing greater freedom of movement and unpredictability.
Security officers are sometimes regarded as fulfilling a private policing function.
Many security firms and proprietary security departments practice the "detect, deter, observe and report" methodology.
Some officers are required to complete police certification for special duties.
Virginia training standards for security are identical to police training with regards to firearms (shotgun and handgun) but do not place licensing requirements for other items carried, only that training be provided that is documented.